On August 15, the Taliban captured Kabul, the capital of Afghanistan, and declared the end of the war in Afghanistan. In the unrestricted retreat of the Afghan National Security Forces (ANDSF), the organization achieved significant territorial gains at lightning speed, which surprised many people.

In the past 20 years, the United States has spent more than $83 billion on the training, equipment, and development of the Afghan National Army, police, air force, and special forces. However, under the onslaught of armed groups carrying small arms, ANDSF collapsed. continue reading. China supports the Taliban. “Our unknown future”:

Afghan citizens in India do not trust the Taliban. The currency is falling. American social media companies face new challenges in Afghanistan. The unprecedented speed of the Taliban’s conquest even surprised US intelligence agencies, who predicted that it would take months for the organization to control the country.

Therefore, the United States and several other Western countries had to send thousands of soldiers to assist in the emergency evacuation of their citizens and diplomats from Kabul. What happened in the past few days did not surprise them. The collapse of the Afghan state and the ANDSF is due to several factors.

First, corruption is widespread in the Afghan Ministry of Defense and Ministry of the Interior. Money, ammunition and food are stolen without reaching soldiers on the ground. Ammunition and other equipment were sold on the black market and eventually fell into the hands of the Taliban.

In addition, some commanders embezzled money by asking for the salary of “ghost soldiers” (that is, soldiers who were not enlisted in the army). Allowed to go out to visit their family for a few months. Unsurprisingly, ANDSF has one of the highest dropout rates and loss rates in the world.

It is estimated that ANDSF’s monthly dropout rate is 5,000, while the enrollment rate is between 300 and 500. Second, waste and corruption will weaken the morale of the army. In military affairs, the integrity of the supreme leader is essential to win the respect and loyalty of the troops.

For unpaid soldiers, the luxurious lifestyle of their commanders is often unbearable. Instead of fighting and dying, they chose to surrender to the Taliban in accordance with their amnesty proposal to save lives. The third is that the military has no ideological cohesion, no sense of nationality and sense of responsibility.

Great distrust of the country’s political leadership. No Afghan soldier is willing to fight to protect President Ashraf Ghani or the government. Regarding the secret agreement between the Afghan government and the Taliban, conspiracy theories are circulating in the Afghan army.


This suspicion further weakened the determination of the Afghan soldiers to oppose the ideologically unified Taliban, and the Taliban militants were eager to establish an Islamic emirate and expel foreign troops that they regarded as occupying powers.

Fourth, the ongoing political intervention and reorganization of senior officials such as the Secretary of the Interior, the Secretary of Defense, the Governor, and the Chief of Police have also affected the operations of ANDSF on the battlefield.An army needs the unity of leadership and the continuity of leadership in order to operate normally and effectively fight on the battlefield.

The Chief of Military Staff is the focus of your organization. If he keeps changing, it will have a negative impact on the organization. Military leadership in the context of the withdrawal of US troops and the Taliban’s offensive in Afghanistan.

For example, Ghani succeeded Lieutenant General Wali Mohamed Ahmedzai, the commander-in-chief of the Afghan Army, who was appointed by Major General Haibatullah Alizai of the Special Operations Command of the Afghan National Army in June.

In the past few months, he changed the Minister of the Interior twice and reorganized his Minister of Defense and six central commanders. Fifth, the Taliban’s meticulous military strategy to control key border crossings, major roads, and beside large cities has weakened Kabul’s ability to send reinforcements and supplies.

Many troops are cut off from the rest of the country and have to cross the border to flee to neighbouring countries or be disbanded. NATO forces and I defend the urban areas. When these forces began to retreat, there was no hindrance.